Technical Articles

Pumps and compressors production in Turkey
Tolga Taylan, Export Promotion Center of TurkeyPumps and compressors have the function of transporting liquids and gases in factories, plants and other locations. Pumps and compressors are vital for a modern economy and without which our entire society would be inconceivable.Industrialisation and huge agricultural production have resulted in the emergence of a strong pumps and compressors sector in Turkey. Today the share of the pumps and compressors sector accounts for 7% of the production and 4% of the exports of ... more
Electronic Utility Metering: A Simple Approach
Rodger Richey, Applications Manager, Advanced Microcontroller Architecture Division, Microchip Technology Inc.Electronic utility meters offer several advantages, when compared to the traditional mechanical and/or electromechanical solutions in use today. Whether it is Gas, Water, Heat or Energy being measured, some or all of these features may apply:• improved accuracy• ease of calibration• anti-tampering protection• automated meter reading• security• advanced billing (time of use, pre-pay...)Implementing an electronic meter does not have to be a complex endeavor. The examples shown in this article ... more
Electrical machinery production in Turkey
by Tolga TaylanThe Turkish electrical machinery sector vitalised itself in the 1990’s by diversifying its products and adopting recent technologies in product design and in production processes. Therefore, the share of the electrical machinery industry increased to 1.1% in 2002 and to 3% of the manufacturing industry exports with a value of US $ 1.8 billion in 2004. Turkey produces almost every kind of electrical machinery including: isolated cables and wires, domestic electrical appliances, AC motors, small motors for domestic ... more
Bonnie C. Baker, Microchip Technology Inc.The majority of process control applications require digital results that are accurate to one part in 4096. As the output of a 12-bit A/D converter matches this exactly, why do these applications use converters with a higher number of bits? It is important not to be pre-occupied with the number of digital codes or the full-scale input range of the converter, but instead to look at the system accuracy requirements or analogue voltage least significant ... more
Renewable resources - Solar and Wind Energy in Serbia
by prof. Petar GburcikMankind is today confronted with a great challenge. The most extensively used energy resources are fossil fuels and nuclear energy and they brought a fast progress during the past two centuries. But their reserves are limited and they are on the way to be exhausted, or at least to become unbearably expensive. On the other hand, the use of these resources leads to the degradation of environment and climate changes, as well as to intensification of dependency ... more
Textile machinery and equipment industry in Turkey
by Hasan KЦSETextile is one of the most important industries in the Turkish economy in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), employment and exports. Textiles account for 10% of the Turkish GDP and 20% of manufacturing employment. There are about 40.000 manufacturing companies in the sector. Textile/clothing exports have the largest share in Turkish exports (28 %) in dollar terms. Turkish textile have reached 17,5 billion dollars in 2004. Turkey, a traditional cotton grower, is now the world’s sixth largest ... more
Food and beverage machine manufacturers in Serbia and Montenegro
Machine building for food and beverage industry in Serbia and Montenegro currently consists about 20 companies. As everywhere these are different as size and ambition companies, but as it is typical for the region they for sure rely on highly educated and qualified technical engineers. Excellent quality and technical level and good price are typical for Serbian machines for food and beverage industry, said professionals in the field."This business in Serbia and Montenegro is still in a growing stage. I ... more
Programmable logic controllers made in Bulgaria
The country is a traditional PLC manufacturerThe market of programmable logic controllers (PLC) in Bulgaria offers a wide range of brands and models. Despite of the relatively restricted size of the market of automation equipment, the leading European and worldwide companies, specialized in automation and control equipment, incl. PLCs are well presented. Big number (comparing to the market size) of world-wide manucturers have established their distribution or representative offices or operate through sales agents in Bulgaria: ABB, Siemens, OMRON, Rockwell, ... more

LATEST issue 1/2021

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TAP start of gas flows marks a historic step in supply diversification in Southeast Europe

TAP start of gas flows marks a historic step in supply diversification in Southeast Europe

TAP will facilitate gas supplies to South Eastern European countries through prospective interconnectors. In particular, Bulgaria will be able to cover up to 33% of its total gas demand through ... more
Serbia cuts EUR 3,2 billion deal with CRBC for environmental protection projects

Serbia cuts EUR 3,2 billion deal with CRBC for environmental protection projects

The government of Serbia agreed with China’s CRBC on building a functional sewerage system and wastewater treatment plants in 65 municipalities across the country. The deal also includes rehabilitating or ... more
Expansion of the Trans-Balkan Electricity Corridor in Serbia continues with EU financing

Expansion of the Trans-Balkan Electricity Corridor in Serbia continues with EU financing

The project contributes to the establishment of a regional power network connecting the electricity transmission systems of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia with Croatia, Hungary, Romania and Italy through 400 kV overhead lines or submarine cables ... more
ContourGlobal Maritsa East 3 TPP secures electricity supply by investing in a new power transformer

ContourGlobal Maritsa East 3 TPP secures electricity supply by investing in a new power transformer

The facility increases the voltage of the electricity produced by the turbine and the generator to levels that are necessary to ensure the electricity transmission along the power lines and deliver at low losses to the households and ... more

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