Textile machinery and equipment industry in Turkey

MachinesTechnical ArticlesSouth-East European INDUSTRIAL Мarket - issue 4/2005

by Hasan KЦSE

Textile is one of the most important industries in the Turkish economy in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), employment and exports. Textiles account for 10% of the Turkish GDP and 20% of manufacturing employment. There are about 40.000 manufacturing companies in the sector. Textile/clothing exports have the largest share in Turkish exports (28 %) in dollar terms. Turkish textile have reached 17,5 billion dollars in 2004. Turkey, a traditional cotton grower, is now the world’s sixth largest cotton producer. In the 2003/2004 season, the amount of cotton grown in Turkey was estimated at 899.000 tons. As a quality cotton-producing country, Turkey has integrated and diversified production in all sub-sectors of the textile industry, produces and exports all types of yarns, fabrics, clothing, household textiles and other ready-made products.

This means a huge textile machinery park and a large and continuous demand for textile machinery. The strong textile industry in Turkey initiated the development of the textile machinery and equipment industry. Until 1980 nearly all textile machinery and equipment were imported. However, starting in 1980 some local production of small and medium-sized low-tech machinery began. At present, the line of products manufactured by the companies varies substantially from highly automated equipment to basic models and local producers are able to compete with the advanced textile machinery in most machinery categories, such as atmospheric jet dyeing (overflow) or blow dyeing machinery.

The majority of textile machinery and equipment manufacturers in Turkey range from small to medium sized companies mainly located in Istanbul and Izmir. Due to the increase in demand for Turkish textiles and clothing, especially for high-end products, textile and clothing companies want to boost their production through installing more efficient and sophisticated machines with high technology into their production lines. Turkish companies who are aware of this fact are in search of joint ventures for this huge market.

The export of the machinery industry increase

Recently, Turkey has emerged as a machine maker and the Turkish machinery industry has recorded a substantial increase in exports compared to Turkey’s overall exports. In 2004 the export value of the machinery industry was US $ 4.125 billion, showing a 39 % increase compared with 2003 figures. Its share in total exports was 7 % in 2004. Textile machinery and equipment exports have increased rapidly in five years. Turkish textile machinery exports were US $ 72.6 million in 2003 and increased to US $ 113.2 million in 2004 with a share of 2.7 % in total machinery exports in 2004. The Turkish textile machinery industry sector has an integral role to play in the

growth of Turkish textile industry. Besides supplying the Turkish domestic market the textile machinery and equipment industry has great importance for Turkey due to its promising export potential. Turkish exports of textile machinery and equipment consists mainly of: machinery (other than machines under heading 8450) for washing, cleaning, wringing, drying, ironing, pressing (including fusing presses), bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile yarns, fabrics or made-up textile articles and machines for applying the paste to the base fabric or other support used in the manufacture of floor coverings such as linoleum; machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics.

Turkish textile machinery is modern

At present, the Turkish textile machinery and equipment industry is modern. The sector exports are directed to about 100 countries. Major markets in order of rank are Iran, India, Syria, Uzbekistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Greece and Egypt. High engineering skills, product flexibility, continuous product development and adaptation, and efficient after-sales-services enable Turkey to export Turkish made textile machinery and equipment all over the world at an increasing rate.

 Turkey’s Main Textile Machinery and Equipment Groups:
  • Machines for extruding, drawing, texturing or cutting man-made textile materials.
  • Machines for preparing textile fibres; spinning, doubling or twisting machines and other machinery for producing textile yarns; textile reeling or winding (including weft-winding) machines.
  • Weaving machines (looms).
  • Knitting machines, stitchbonding machines and machines for making gimped yarn, tulle, lace, embroidery, trimmings, braid or net and machines for tufting.
  • Auxiliary machinery (dobbie/jacquard parts), etc.
  • Machinery for the manufacture or finishing of felt or non wovens in the piece or in shapes, including machinery for making felt hats; blocks for making hats.
  • Machinery for washing, cleaning, wringing, drying, ironing, pressing (including fusing presses), bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile yarns, fabrics or made-up textile articles and machines for applying the paste to the base fabric or other support used in the manufacture of floor coverings such as linoleum; machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics.
  • Sewing machines, other than book-sewing machines; furniture, bases and covers specially designed for sewing machines; sewing machine needles.




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