Technical Articles

Nexans will increase the wind power potential in Romania
Nexans has announced that the company’s high temperature conductor cables and accessories will transmit energy to the grid at EnergoBit S.A.’s 30MW Babadag II Wind Farm in Romania. The 140 km worth of conductor cables will be used to increase wind power potential in Romania, since the existing Babadag-Tulcea Vest 110 kv transmission line doesn’t have enough capacity to carry power from EnergoBit S.A.’s new wind farm. ... more
EBRD supports energy efficiency at Turkey’s Erdemir Group
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is promoting bigger efficiency in Turkey’s steel industry with a EUR 75 million loan to the steelmakers Erdemir and Isdemir, each a part of Erdemir group, the biggest steel producer within the country.The loan will finance a comprehensive investment programme that may help the companies make the most effective use of resources in manufacturing processes at their 2 plants in Eregli on the Black Sea coast and Iskenderun on the eastern ... more
EBRD and CTF will support geothermal energy projects in Turkey
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) will launch a programme aimed at supporting the exploratory drilling investments related to Turkey’s paramount geothermal energy potential. The partners announced this decision during the 35th Energy Efficiency Forum in Istanbul, which took place on the 14th of January this year. ... more
EU invests in two Bulgarian energy infrastructure projects
Two Bulgarian energy projects will receive financing under EU’s Connecting Europe Facility funding programme for infrastructure. On the 19th of January this year, the EU member states acceded on a proposal of the European Commission to invest EUR 217 million in fifteen key trans-European energy infrastructure projects mainly in Central and Eastern Europe. Nine of the projects are in the gas sector and will receive financial aid worth EUR 207 million, while the other six which are in the ... more
Correctly mixing the output of RGB LEDs is an art, but can be helped with a demonstration board and a PIC12 processor
Brian Tompson, Stephen AllenGraphic artists want to create accurate colour matches to capture their artistic work and reinforce branding consistency. But accurate presentation of colour on different equipment and media still remains a challenge. ... more
Construction starts on Serbian biomass power station started
A biomass power plant will be constructed in Krusevac, Central Serbia. That was announced by Building Energy, multinational company operating as Global Integrated IPP in the Renewable Energy Industry, and the city of Krusevac, Serbia. The facility will be the first one in the country combining electric and thermal energy and will have an installed capacity of respectively 4.8 MWe and 20 MWt. The plant will generate 38.4 GWh of electric power and 86 GWh of thermal power per ... more
EBRD supports Serbian reform programme for the power sector
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is supporting a comprehensive reform programme for the power sector in Serbia by extending a EUR 200 million restructuring line to the state-owned utility Elektroprivreda Srbije (EPS) that generates, distributes and supplies electricity across the country.The restructuring loan is aimed at improving the power infrastructure within the country by helping EPS restructure its balance sheet and support its recovery after the devastating aftermath of the Balkan floods in 2014. Following those ... more
Romania’s CEZ Distributie to improve network operation and improve efficiency with EUR 153,7 million loan
Romania’s electricity distribution company CEZ Distributie will receive a syndicated loan from The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) worth of RON 675 million (EUR 153,7 million equivalent), aimed at supporting the projects of the distribution company. The projects refer to the 2015-16 investment programmes aimed at reducing technical and commercial losses, improving efficiency and installing smart meters, the restructuring of the company’s balance sheet in order to optimise its capital structure, and the provision of working capital.CEZ ... more
Nine outstanding projects from Croatia and the Western Balkans received recognition for energy efficiency
Nine outstanding projects financed under the Western Balkans Sustainable Energy Finance Facility II (WeBSEFF II) received recognition from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) as part of an initiative for promoting renewable energy in Croatia’s capital Zagreb.The investments promoting energy efficiency and low carbon technologies in the commercial, residential, and municipal sectors were honored at the 2015 Sustainable Energy Excellence Awards ceremony hosted by the EBRD on 22 October 2016 at the Hotel Esplanade Zagreb. The event ... more
How to complete a low-cost design and analysis using a single-phase AC induction motors and an 8bit microcontroller
Justin BauerSmall AC induction motors, say for opening garage doors, can have speed control and soft start added with little cost using a three-phase inverter circuit. These permanent split capacitor (PSC) motors are among the simplest and widest used for this type of application. They have low starting torque and current, but can be inefficient due to the non-polarised run capacitor, which often fails before the rest of the motor.These single-phase motors are often referred to as two-phase motors ... more
The Western Balkans and EU energy security
Energy security is a topic of growing concern to many EU countries and the Western Balkans, here defined as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia, could play a role in improving that security through possible investment in liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals and new gas pipelines.The Western Balkans themselves may also benefit from alternative routes for gas supplies to Europe from Russia, the Caucasus and even further afield via LNG import terminals. Geographic position, ... more
Vi&Rus International is an EMS provider established on the basis of the existing since 1992 Biopriborostroene PLC, specialized in developing and manufacturing of PCBs, stencils, parts, and modules for the electronics. The company also offers a semiautomatic assembly service for prototype and small quantity product runs and has ISO 9001:2008 certifications. ... more


Bulgarian OEM and EMS company Veka-tech has been on the electronics manufacturing services market for 11 years and is specialized in the design, production and assembly of automotive, industrial and medical electronic modules.Continued investments in state-of-the-art advanced assembly technology for low to medium volume production makes it possible for the largest automotive clients and small fabless electronics manufacturers to optimize their value chains and improve their competitiveness.Vekatech can manage the complete electronic manufacture from components procurement, PCB assembly, final ... more
UltraFlex Power Technologies
UltraFlex Power Technologies is an electronic manufacturing service provider focused on delivering complete and customized solutions for OEM customers. The company provides engineering design, product development and contract manufacturing in a broad range of fields including industrial, medical, dental and consumer. Since its establishment in 1998, Saturn has become a successful extension to the engineering teams of many companies helping them to increase their profit and significantly reduce the time-to-market and the development and manufacturing cost. ... more
Tremol SMD


Tremol SMD
Tremol SMD is a Bulgarian contract electronic manufacturer founded in the city of Veliko Tarnovo on April 2006 as a part of Tremol Group Bulgaria. Currently more than 190 highly educated and motivated employees are working in the company, as within the Group there are more than 330 employees. The team has the potential for activities in R&D, software and firmware design, electronic design, electronic testing, moulds and plastic parts design, plastic injection, mechanical parts design and production, etc.Tremol ... more

LATEST issue 3/2020

issue 3-2020


EBRD encourages green growth in the industrial real estate sector in Romania

EBRD encourages green growth in the industrial real estate sector in Romania

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) signed an agreement with Warehouses De Pauw (WDP) for a financing package of EUR 150 million, which will contribute to the implementation ... more
Eta Bio signs licence agreement with Clariant to build cellulosic ethanol plant

Eta Bio signs licence agreement with Clariant to build cellulosic ethanol plant

Eta Bio, a family-owned agricultural business, will produce 50 000 tonnes of cellulosic ethanol per year by processing around 250 000 tonnes of wheat straw in their production facility in ... more
New investment project for water and sanitation services in Smolyan, Bulgaria

New investment project for water and sanitation services in Smolyan, Bulgaria

The project will modernise and extend municipal services for nearly 100 000 people in the Smolyan district in accordance with EU directives ... more
The first large-scale wastewater treatment plant for Skopje gets euro financing

The first large-scale wastewater treatment plant for Skopje gets euro financing

The EBRD is providing a loan of 58 million euro to finance the first large-scale wastewater treatment plant for Skopje. The financing will be complemented by 78 million euro package from the European Investment Bank (EIB) ... more