Machine tools production in Turkey
The term ’machine tools’ covers a wide range of machinery used for cutting, removing or forming metal to produce components which are subsequently assembled into engineering products. Simply, machine tools are "machines that produce machines". Important sectors of the engineering industry include the manufacture of motor vehicles, aerospace products and general industrial equipment. These sectors, together with the subcontractors that supply them, make up the customer base for supplies of machine tools. Thus, it is generally viewed as a strategic sector for a country. In 2011, the top 28 countries’ production of machine tools totaled US$ 93.8 billion. That is 33,8% higher than the value those same nations created in 2010.
Machine tools production started in the mid `60s in Turkey with the production of lathes by private companies. In line with national industrialization efforts state institutions undertook the leading role for the machine tools industry. The first step was the licensing agreements signed with two world famous machine tools manufacturers. After a long, hard period of work the first Turkish-made machine tool came off the production line in 1984. In the following years various machine tools (universal/vertical milling machines, universal/turret turning lathes, cylindrical/surface grinding machines, tool grinding machines, radial grinding machines etc.) have been produced in large numbers in Turkey. During this period CNC machining centers were introduced to the world market. Both global and Turkish industrial manufacturers demanded these hi-tech, computer controlled machine tools. The Turkish machine tools industry has been able to meet this new demand since the beginning of the ’90s. The process of manufacturing better, innovative machine tools with higher technology is an ongoing effort among machine tools manufacturers in Turkey. At present Turkey relies on Turkish-made machine tools.
According to worldwide statistics for the year 2010, Turkey is the 12th largest manufacturer among 28 machine tool manufacturing countries, with a production value of US$ 555 million.
26% of the total is from metal cutting type machining centers and the remaining 74% from metal forming type machine tools. For the year 2011, Turkey is the 14th largest manufacturer among 28 machine tool manufacturing countries, with a production value of US$ 668 million. The Turkish machine tools industry partially meets domestic demand and about 58% of the production was exported in 2011. Today, the Turkish machine tools industry manufactures and exports various kinds of machine tools including; CNC/conventional machining centers, CNC/conventional lathes, CNC/conventional milling machines, CNC/conventional grinding machines, bending machines, bordering machines, honing machines, presses, shears, press breaks, CNC brakes, CNC cutting machines, profile cutting machines, band saws, seaming machines, welding machines (MIG-MAG, TIG-WIG), planning machines, thicknessing machines, rip saws, resawing machines, CNC/conventional gear hobbing machines, spindle molding machines, corner notchers, calibrating and polishing machines, chamfering machines for stones, trimming machines for stones, splitting machines, log carriages, dust sucking machines, parts and components of machines tools (electronic components, computer controls, CNCs, NCs, cam switches, tool holders, chucks, load lifting magnets, magnetic chucks, mandrels, hydraulic cylinders and spare parts, bar feeders for CNC lathes, tooling dies, universal frames/cabinets, CNC cabinets, work benches, material cabinets, tool cabinets etc) and other metal, stone, glass, wood and plastic processing machines.
The Turkish machine tools industry and sub-industries are composed of about 480 companies. These companies are mainly SME’s which have less than 200 employees. About 10 companies are large-scale manufacturers of machine tools and parts/components/auxiliaries. Manufacturing sites are mainly located in the Marmara, Central Anatolian and Aegean Regions of Turkey. Istanbul, Bursa, Konya, Izmir, Ankara and Kayseri are the major cities in machine tools and parts/components production. The sector employs about 3200 workers.
Turkey’s machine tools exports were US $387 million in 2011. The Turkish machine tools industry exports high-tech machining centers as well as metal-forming type machine tools. Machine tools that are exported are mainly metal-forming types. The Turkish machine tools industry exports its products to nearly 140 countries worldwide. The main export destinations are Russian Federation, USA, Germany, Poland, Brazil, Iran and Iraq. Turkish machine tools manufacturers are closely following international developments in quality, safety and the environmental aspects of production. EU technical harmonization is on force and at the beginning of 2002 it became obligatory to fulfill CE Mark requirements in order to sell products in the Turkish domestic market.
Source: Republic of Turkey - Ministry of Economy
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