Food Processing Machinery and Equipment Industry in Turkey
Hasan Kose, Export Promotion
Center of Turkey
Turkey is the largest producer and exporter of agricultural products in the Near East and North Africa. Exports of agricultural commodities and food products were valued at US$ 7.7 billion in 2005 and accounted about 10 % of Turkey’s total export earnings.
Bread being the staple food of Turkey, cereals is of great importance in Turkish agriculture. In addition, Turkey has an important place among the major pulse producing countries and has the means of dominating the world trade. Except for a few varieties of exotic products, Turkey produces 80 types of fresh fruit and vegetables out of which 50 kinds are exported. Turkish edible nuts and dried fruit production is quite high and in some varieties dominates the world markets.
Turkey’s vast agricultural potential offers an extensive range of fruits and vegetables, which are preserved in a variety of ways. Rapidly growing sectors of Turkey’s agro-industry are frozen/canned and dried fruit and vegetable industry. Utilising the advantages of its agricultural potential, Turkey has an important place among other countries regarding the quantity and quality of its vegetable oil, especially olive oil, industry production. With the technological advances and increased investments realised in the last years, the milling and pastry, the sugar confectionery, chocolate and cocoa products, pasta and biscuits sectors, fishery products, poultry, drinking water, alcoholic beverages are regarded as promising sectors for Turkish agro-industry.
strong agricultural potential
and Turkey’s food industry, changing lifestyles and tastes due to increased industrialisation and urbanisation, the increase in family income, and the decrease in available time for preparing meals, have resulted in a strong food processing sector. Accordingly, a large food-processing sector has accelerated the development of the food processing machinery and equipment industry in Turkey. At present, the Turkish food processing machinery and equipment industry is the most modern in the Middle East, North Africa, Balkans, Baltic and Central Asia.
The Turkish food processing machinery industry produces
every kind of machinery and equipment
required for food processing industry and all the parts and accessories thereof. Flour and grain mill machinery, bakery and pasta making machinery, bakery ovens, industrial machinery for food and drink preparation, machinery for extraction/preparation of fats and oils, machinery for cleaning/sorting/grading seeds and grains, cacao and confectionery machinery, presses and crushers for wine, fruit juice and beverages, pasteurisers and sterilizators, machinery for sugar manufacture, meat and poultry processing machinery, milking machinery, dairy machinery, machinery for the preparation of fruits and vegetables, cream separators and brewery machinery are the main food processing machinery and equipment in Turkey. The majority of food processing machinery and equipment manufacturers in Turkey range from small to medium sized companies mainly located in Istanbul, Konya, Ankara, Izmir and Gaziantep. The line of products manufactured by the companies varies substantially from highly automated equipment to manual and basic models. Moreover, food processing machinery manufacturers are increasingly focusing
on research & development
in an attempt to comply with the demand for more sophisticated machinery and greater flexibility.
The food processing machinery and equipment industry has particular importance for Turkey due to its promising export potential. In this field, manufacturing firms were producing mainly for the domestic market until 1990. After 1990, the sector has directed its attention to foreign markets also.
The Turkish machinery industry has recorded
a substantial increase in exports
compared to Turkey’s overall exports. In 2004, the export value of the machinery industry was US$ 4.125 billion, indicating a 39% increase compared with 2003 figures. In 2005 total exports of machinery manufacturing industry exceeded US$ 5.233 billion, up 27% compared with the year before.
One of the most promising sub-sectors of the Turkish machinery industry in exports is food processing machinery and equipment. In 2005, the export value of food processing machinery and equipment reached US$ 140 million, up 43 % compared with the year before. Turkish exports of food processing machinery and equipment consists mainly of: flour and grain mill machinery, bakery machinery and machinery for the manufacture of macaroni, spaghetti or similar products, machinery for extraction/preparation of fats and oils, machinery for cleaning/sorting/grading seeds and grains, confectionery, cacao and confectionery machinery, pasteurisers and sterilizators and bakery ovens. It is worth to mention that Turkish flour and grain milling machinery ranked fourth in world exports in 2004.
In the food processing machinery and equipment industry, exports are
directed to about 125 countries
Major markets in 2005 in order of rank are Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Romania, Tunisia, Syria, Egypt, Iran and Algeria which have similar agricultural structure and consumption habits. High engineering skills, product flexibility, continuous product development and adaptation, and efficient after-sales-services enable Turkey to export Turkish made food processing machinery and equipment all over the world at an increasing rate.
The Turkish food processing machinery manufacturers/exporters follow European and international standards and norms. Companies exporting to the European Union affix the “CE Mark” under the “New Approach” Directives. The obligation to affix the “CE Mark” also started in the Turkish domestic market in 2002.
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